Monday, 6 June 2011

Books of Hadith written in the 2nd Islamic Century.

The Books of Hadîth Written in the Second Century:

The basic characteristic of the books written in the second century is that a large number of them were arranged subject-wise, while the books of the first century were not. However, compilations without due arrangement continued in this century too. The list of books compiled in this period is very long. A few prominent books are referred to here:

1. Book of ‘Abdul Malik ibn Juraij (d. 150)

2. Muwatta' of Malik ibn Anas (93-179)

3. Muwatta' of Ibn Abi Dhi’b (80-158)

4. Maghâzi of Muhammad ibn Ishaq (d. 151)

5. Musnad of Rabi’ ibn Sabih (d. 160)

6. Book of Sa’eed ibn Abi ‘Arubah (d. 156)

7. Book of Hammad ibn Salamah (d. 167)

8. Jami’ Sufyan al-Thawri (97-161)

9. Jami’ Ma’mar ibn Rashid (95-153)

10. Book of ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Awzâ’i (88-157)

11. Kitâb al-Zuhd by ‘Abdullâh ibn al-Mubârak (118-181)

12. Book of Hushaim ibn Bashir (104-183)

13. Book of Jarir ibn ‘Abdul-Hamid (110-188)

14. Book of ‘Abdullâh ibn Wahb (125-197)

15. Book of Yahya ibn Abi Kathîr (d. 129)

16. Book of Muhammad ibn Suqah (d. 135)

17. Tafsîr of Zaid ibn Aslam (d. 136)

18. Book of Musa ibn ‘Uqbah (d. 141)

19. Book of Ash’ath ibn ‘Abdul-Malik (d. 142)

20. Book of Aqil ibn Khalid (d. 142)

21. Book of Yahya ibn Sa’eed Ansari (d. 143)

22. Book of Awf ibn Abi Jamilah (d. 146)

23. Books of Ja`far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (d. 148)

24. Books of Yunus ibn Yazid (d. 152)

25. Book of ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Mas’udi (d. 160)

26. Books of Zaidah ibn Qudama(d. 161)

27. Books of Ibrahim al-Tahman (d. 163)

28. Books of Abu Hamzah al-Sukri (d. 167)

29. Al-Gharâib by Shu’ba ibn al-Hajjaj (d. 160)

30. Books of ‘Abdul-Aziz ibn ‘Abdullâh al-Majishun (d. 164)

31. Books of ‘Abdullâh ibn ‘Abdullâh ibn Abi Uwais (d. 169)

32. Books of Sulaiman ibn Bilal (d. 172)

33. Books of ‘Abdullâh ibn Lahi’ah (d. 147)

34. Jami’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyayna (d. 198)

35. Kitâb-ul-Âthâr by Imâm Abu Hanîfah (d. 150)

36. Maghâzi of Mu’tamir ibn Sulaiman (d. 187)

37. Musannaf of Waki’ ibn Jarrah (d. 196)

38. Musannaf of ‘Abdur-Razzâq ibn Hammam (136-221)

39. Musnad of Zaid ibn ‘Ali (76-122)

40. Books of Imâm Shâfi’i (150-204)

The following books written in this age are still available in printed form:

1. Al-Muwatta' by Imâm Mâlik.

2. Kitâb-ul-Âthâr by Imâm Abu Hanîfah.

3. Musannaf by ‘Abdur-Razzâq. This book has been published in eleven large volumes.

4. As-Sîrah by Muhammad ibn Ishaq.

5. Kitâb al-Zuhd by ‘Abdullâh ibn al-Mubârak.

6. Kitâb al-Zuhd by Waki’ ibn Jarrâh (3 volumes).

7. Al-Musnad by Zaid ibn ‘Ali (76-122).

8. Sunan of Imâm Shâfi’i.

9. Musnad of Shâfi’i.

10. Siyar of Awzâ’i (88-157).

11. Musnad of ‘Abdullâh ibn al-Mubârak.

12. Musnad of Abu Dâwûd Tayalisi (d. 204).

13. Ar-Radd ‘ala Siyaril-Awzâ’i by Imâm Abu Yûsuf.

14. Al-Hujjah ‘ala Ahlil-Madînah by Imâm Muhammad ibn al Hasan Shaibâni.

15. Kitâbul-Umm by Imâm Shâfi’i.

16. Al-Maghâzi by Waqidi (130-206) (4 volumes).

This list is by no means exhaustive. But a careful study of these books only which are available today in printed forms would clearly reveal that their style is much developed and they definitely do not seem to be the first books on their subject. Some of them are in more than ten volumes, and their arrangement shows that the compilation of hadîth in those days reached a developed stage.
All these valuable efforts of compiling the ahâdîth belong to the first and second centuries. Hence, one can easily see how false is the assumption that the compilation of ahâdîth did not take place before the third century.
What we have cited above is more than sufficient to prove that the compilation of ahâdîth had begun in the very days of the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu 'alayhi wasallam) and has continued in each point of time thereafter. This process has, no doubt, passed through certain stages as is usual in every new science or branch of knowledge. But the assumption that the process did not begin before the third century cannot by substantiated on any ground whatsoever.

Taken from "The Authority of Sunnah by Mawlana Muhammad Taqi 'Uthmani" with slight modifications from with thanks.

'Alaykum Salam.

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